"We were so pleased with the wonderful workmanship of the whole crew-- and had a fun time remembering with the 'foreman' that when the crew was here in 2011 to do the initial paving of our driveway, that was the day there was an earthquake in Virginia that was felt out here! 😉
THANKS so much for helping coordinate things!! The new sections for 'pull-off parking' are just wonderful!"
— Susan Richman
AP Coordinator / AP US History Instructor
"The job they did for me went very well.
Very professional service, very well done. Everything went smooth. I will be contacting them next year!"
— David R.
"I had a patio done. They did really great work. Thank you."
— Kathy M.
"On time, on budget, and did a great job.
I never even saw them!"
— J Rudov
"Best driveway work by JR. They are trusted and very meticulous with their work.
— Dawn H.
Residential & Comercial paving company serving the Western Pennsylvania and the Tri-State Area
JR Paving & Construction Co Inc is a full-service paving company that takes pride in providing quality services to our customers. Our experienced paving contractors handle each job as if it's their only job. With more than 50 years of paving experience, we can handle a wide range of services for both residential and commercial customers.
Whether you are in need of new paving, or maintenance and repair, you have come to the right place. We provide asphalt and paving services throughout Western Pennsylvania and the surrounding Tri-State Area. If you are looking for asphalt paving construction and repair services you can count on, give us a call today.
Asphalt Maintenance Services in Indiana
Professional paving installation and maintenance will keep your pavement looking great. As a fully insured and licensed paving company serving Western Pennsylvania and Tri-State Area, JR Paving & Construction Co., Inc. provides quality paving services for your commercial or residential property. We handle all aspects of paving construction, including parking lots, driveways, and roads. With more than 50 years of paving experience, the work that we do is of a high quality so you don't have to worry about getting it re-paved anytime soon!
What are asphalt maintenance and why is it useful to me? Asphalt Maintenance is essentially the procedure of protecting your asphalt surface to optimize its lifespan. If executed properly, an asphalt maintenance program can save you hundreds of dollars in future maintenance costs and maintain your asphalt parking lot (or other paved surface) looking as good as new. Asphalt Maintenance isn’t rocket science. It just requires some understanding of basic automobile maintenance principles and some common sense.
Regular Asphalt Maintenance The most important thing about asphalt maintenance is making sure your concrete driveway is free of cracks and is as smooth as possible. If your driveway has cracks or minor dents, fill them with a polyethylene insert or another substance that acts as a cushion. This will prevent any additional cracking from occurring and allow you to avoid any costly asphalt repairs. In addition, if you notice that your concrete driveway is peeling at the top, adding some sort of protective coating will help it last longer.
Asphalt Pavers If you are looking for some asphalt maintenance advice, there are a number of simple steps you can take to protect your parking lot. One of the best ways to prevent problems in your parking lot is to avoid the use of any pavers on your driveway. If you have pavers in your driveway, take the time to scrape them away periodically and to thoroughly wash your concrete driveway with a chemical designed to dissolve paper, especially before you apply for any type of sealant.
Asphalt Sealant Once you’ve made sure your parking area is free of peeling and cracked patches, you need to start your regular asphalt maintenance routine. Sealant is an excellent way to slow down the progress of any natural aging and deteriorations on your paved surfaces. If you want to make certain that your driveway has no signs of deterioration and that it is looking its very best, start out with an application every three to six months. Be very careful when applying the sealant; you want to make certain that it is completely dry before you put anything on your surface. Sealant should be applied to all of the edges of your paved area, including the base of any walkways or other structures that may be in your landscape. Sealant should be allowed to sit on your surface, and then scraped away after about eighteen hours.
Water Penetration Sealcoating is another type of asphalt maintenance product that can be used to protect your driveway and to minimize any future water penetration. If you find that your driveway is becoming water logged, you may want to consider applying a sealcoating after the first year that you have had it applied. Water penetration can be a common problem in paved areas, and it can become worse as time goes by. When you apply a sealcoating to your paving, the end result is a finished finish that is just as resistant to water as a completely smooth finish, but one that will also last much longer.
Blacktop Parking Lot Sealing is an asphalt maintenance product that can be applied to almost any kind of paved or unpaved area. Blacktop surfaces are generally made from concrete or paved gravel, and they are designed to withstand heavy traffic and to stand up to the elements. In order for blacktop parking lot sealing to work, you will first need to apply a thin layer of the material to the surface of the area. This coating should be waterproof, but it should not be entirely water-resistant. A good seal coat may require some extra work to make sure that it is fully protected, but the effort is well worth it when you have a protected, moisture-free blacktop surface.
Gravel Blacktop Sealing is an asphalt maintenance product that is designed for use on concrete or gravel surfaces. Gravel blacktop sealcoating can help protect these surfaces from excessive vehicle traffic and from damage caused by tires, skids, ice, rain, etc. The sealcoating will also make it easier to walk on, as it is less slippery than many other types of sealcoating. Because it is waterproof as well as flexible, it is an excellent choice for parking lots.
Potholes Asphalt Seal Coating is a flexible asphalt maintenance product that can be applied to almost any kind of paved or unpaved area. If you want to avoid having a paved area that is uneven or damaged, potholes can provide the finishing touch that you need. Potholes are a common problem with older vehicles, and they can often indicate larger structural problems with your vehicle. If you want to get rid of potholes and other defects in your driveway without doing any more extensive work, you should consider this type of sealcoating. It is quick and easy to apply, as well as highly effective when it comes to preventing future cracks and other kinds of damage.
Satisfaction Guaranteed / Work Guaranteed
With more than 50 years in business, we know a thing or two about customer service. We are dedicated to providing our customers with quality paving services that can't be beaten. You can trust in our service and experience to complete your job, no matter how big or small.
We provide paving services throughout the surrounding Western Pennsylvania and Tri-State Area.
Why would you not want to seek paving services from one of the top paving companies in Western Pennsylvania and Tri-State Area? Call JR Paving and Construction Co., Inc. today at (888) 497-3391 for a FREE estimate for your paving needs.
About Indiana, PA
The first inhabitants in what is now Indiana were the Paleo-Indians, who arrived about 8000 BC after the melting of the glaciers at the end of the Ice Age. Divided into small groups, the Paleo-Indians were nomads who hunted large game such as mastodons. They created stone tools made out of chert by chipping, knapping and flaking.
The Archaic period, which began between 5000 and 4000 BC, covered the next phase of indigenous culture. The people developed new tools as well as techniques to cook food, an important step in civilization. These new tools included different types of spear points and knives, with various forms of notches. They made ground-stone tools such as stone axes, woodworking tools and grinding stones. During the latter part of the period, they built earthwork mounds and middens, which showed settlements were becoming more permanent. The Archaic period ended at about 1500 BC, although some Archaic people lived until 700 BC.
The Woodland period began around 1500 BC when new cultural attributes appeared. The people created ceramics and pottery and extended their cultivation of plants. An early Woodland period group named the Adena people had elegant burial rituals, featuring log tombs beneath earth mounds. In the middle of the Woodland period, the Hopewell people began to develop long-range trade of goods. Nearing the end of the stage, the people developed highly productive cultivation and adaptation of agriculture, growing such crops as corn and squash. The Woodland period ended around 1000 AD.
The Mississippian culture emerged, lasting from 1000 AD until the 15th century, shortly before the arrival of Europeans. During this stage, the people created large urban settlements designed according to their cosmology, with large mounds and plazas defining ceremonial and public spaces. The concentrated settlements depended on the agricultural surpluses. One such complex was the Angel Mounds. They had large public areas such as plazas and platform mounds, where leaders lived or conducted rituals. Mississippian civilization collapsed in Indiana during the mid-15th century for reasons that remain unclear.
The historic Native American tribes in the area at the time of European encounter spoke different languages of the Algonquian family. They included the Shawnee, Miami, and Illini. Refugee tribes from eastern regions, including the Delaware who settled in the White and Whitewater River Valleys, later joined them.
In 1679, French explorer René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle was the first European to cross into Indiana after reaching present-day South Bend at the St. Joseph River. He returned the following year to learn about the region. French-Canadian fur traders soon arrived, bringing blankets, jewelry, tools, whiskey and weapons to trade for skins with the Native Americans.
By 1702, Sieur Juchereau established the first trading post near Vincennes. In 1715, Sieur de Vincennes built Fort Miami at Kekionga, now Fort Wayne. In 1717, another Canadian, Picote de Beletre, built Fort Ouiatenon on the Wabash River, to try to control Native American trade routes from Lake Erie to the Mississippi River.
In 1732, Sieur de Vincennes built a second fur trading post at Vincennes. French Canadian settlers, who had left the earlier post because of hostilities, returned in larger numbers. In a period of a few years, British colonists arrived from the East and contended against the Canadians for control of the lucrative fur trade. Fighting between the French and British colonists occurred throughout the 1750s as a result.
The Native American tribes of Indiana sided with the French Canadians during the French and Indian War (also known as the Seven Years' War). With British victory in 1763, the French were forced to cede to the British crown all their lands in North America east of the Mississippi River and north and west of the colonies.
The tribes in Indiana did not give up: they captured Fort Ouiatenon and Fort Miami during Pontiac's Rebellion. The British royal proclamation of 1763 designated the land west of the Appalachians for Native American use, and excluded British colonists from the area, which the Crown called "Indian Territory".
In 1775, the American Revolutionary War began as the colonists sought self-government and independence from the British. The majority of the fighting took place near the East Coast, but the Patriot military officer George Rogers Clark called for an army to help fight the British in the west. Clark's army won significant battles and took over Vincennes and Fort Sackville on February 25, 1779.
During the war, Clark managed to cut off British troops, who were attacking the eastern colonists from the west. His success is often credited for changing the course of the American Revolutionary War. At the end of the war, through the Treaty of Paris, the British crown ceded their claims to the land south of the Great Lakes to the newly formed United States, including Native American lands.
In 1787, the U.S. defined the Northwest Territory which included the area of present-day Indiana. In 1800, Congress separated Ohio from the Northwest Territory, designating the rest of the land as the Indiana Territory. President Thomas Jefferson chose William Henry Harrison as the governor of the territory, and Vincennes was established as the capital. After the Michigan Territory was separated and the Illinois Territory was formed, Indiana was reduced to its current size and geography.
Starting with the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794 and the Treaty of Greenville in 1795, Native American titles to Indiana lands were extinguished by usurpation, purchase, or war and treaty. About half the state was acquired in the Treaty of St. Mary's from the Miami in 1818. Purchases were not complete until the Treaty of Mississinewas in 1826 acquired the last of the reserved Native American lands in the northeast.
A portrait of the Indiana frontier about 1810: The frontier was defined by the Treaty of Fort Wayne in 1809, adding much of the southwestern lands around Vincennes and southeastern lands adjacent to Cincinnati, to areas along the Ohio River as part of U.S. territory. Settlements were military outposts such as Fort Ouiatenon in the northwest and Fort Miami (later Fort Wayne) in the northeast, Fort Knox and Vincennes settlement on the lower Wabash. Other settlements included Clarksville (across from Louisville), Vevay, and Corydon along the Ohio River, the Quaker Colony in Richmond on the eastern border, and Conner's Post (later Connersville) on the east central frontier. Indianapolis would not be populated for 15 more years, and central and northern Indiana Territory remained wilderness populated primarily by Indigenous communities. Only two counties in the extreme southeast, Clark and Dearborn, had been organized by European settlers. Land titles issued out of Cincinnati were sparse. Settler migration was chiefly via flatboat on the Ohio River westerly, and by wagon trails up the Wabash/White River Valleys (west) and Whitewater River Valleys (east).
In 1810, the Shawnee tribal chief Tecumseh and his brother Tenskwatawa encouraged other indigenous tribes in the territory to resist European settlement. Tensions rose and the U.S. authorized Harrison to launch a preemptive expedition against Tecumseh's Confederacy; the U.S. gained victory at the Battle of Tippecanoe on November 7, 1811. Tecumseh was killed in 1813 during the Battle of Thames. After his death, armed resistance to United States control ended in the region. Most Native American tribes in the state were later removed to west of the Mississippi River in the 1820s and 1830s after U.S. negotiations and the purchase of their lands.
Corydon, a town in the far southern part of Indiana, was named the second capital of the Indiana Territory in May 1813 in order to decrease the threat of Native American raids following the Battle of Tippecanoe. Two years later, a petition for statehood was approved by the territorial general assembly and sent to Congress. An Enabling Act was passed to provide an election of delegates to write a constitution for Indiana. On June 10, 1816, delegates assembled at Corydon to write the constitution, which was completed in 19 days. Jonathan Jennings was elected the fledgling state's first governor in August 1816. President James Madison approved Indiana's admission into the union as the nineteenth state on December 11, 1816. In 1825, the state capital was moved from Corydon to Indianapolis.
Many European immigrants went west to settle in Indiana in the early 19th century. The largest immigrant group to settle in Indiana were Germans, as well as many immigrants from Ireland and England. Americans who were primarily ethnically English migrated from the Northern Tier of New York and New England, as well as from the mid-Atlantic state of Pennsylvania. The arrival of steamboats on the Ohio River in 1811, and the National Road at Richmond in 1829, greatly facilitated settlement of northern and western Indiana.
Following statehood, the new government worked to transform Indiana from a frontier into a developed, well-populated, and thriving state, beginning significant demographic and economic changes. In 1836, the state's founders initiated a program, the Indiana Mammoth Internal Improvement Act, that led to the construction of roads, canals, railroads and state-funded public schools. The plans bankrupted the state and were a financial disaster, but increased land and produce value more than fourfold. In response to the crisis and in order to avert another, in 1851, a second constitution was adopted. Among its provisions were a prohibition on public debt, as well as the extension of suffrage to African-Americans.
During the American Civil War, Indiana became politically influential and played an important role in the affairs of the nation. Indiana was the first western state to mobilize for the United States in the war, and soldiers from Indiana participated in all the war's major engagements. The state provided 126 infantry regiments, 26 batteries of artillery and 13 regiments of cavalry to the Union.
In 1861, Indiana was assigned a quota of 7,500 men to join the Union Army. So many volunteered in the first call that thousands had to be turned away. Before the war ended, Indiana had contributed 208,367 men. Casualties were over 35% among these men: 24,416 lost their lives and over 50,000 more were wounded. The only Civil War conflicts fought in Indiana were the Newburgh Raid, a bloodless capture of the city; and the Battle of Corydon, which occurred during Morgan's Raid leaving 15 dead, 40 wounded, and 355 captured.
After the war, Indiana remained a largely agricultural state. Post-war industries included mining, including limestone extraction; meatpacking; food processing, such as milling grain, distilling it into alcohol; and the building of wagons, buggies, farm machinery, and hardware. However, the discovery of natural gas in the 1880s in northern Indiana led to an economic boom: the abundant and cheap fuel attracted heavy industry; the availability of jobs, in turn, attracted new settlers from other parts of the country as well as from Europe. This led to the rapid expansion of cities such as South Bend, Indianapolis, and Fort Wayne.
The early decades of the 20th century saw Indiana develop into a leading manufacturing state with heavy industry concentrating in the north. In 1906 the United States Steel Corporation created a new industrial city on Lake Michigan, Gary, named after Elbert Henry Gary, its founding chairman. With industrialization, workers developed labor unions (their strike activities induced governor James P. Goodrich to declare martial law in Gary in 1919) and a socialist party. Railroader Eugene Debs of Terre Haute, the Socialist candidate received 901,551 votes (6.0% of the national vote) in the 1912 presidential election. Suffrage movements also arose to enfranchise women.
In its earlier years, Indiana was a leader in the automobile boom. Beginning its production in Kokomo in 1896, Haynes-Apperson was the nation's first commercially successful auto company. The importance of vehicle and parts manufacture to the state was symbolized by the construction in 1909 of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway.
In the 1920s, state politics was heavily influenced by the rise of the Indiana Klan. First organized in 1915 as a branch of the Ku Klux Klan, it appealed to white Protestants alarmed by social and economic trends, including changes induced by immigration from southern and central Europe. In the name of defending "hundred-per-cent Americanism", the Klan sought exclude from public life "Bolsheviks, Catholics, Jews, Negroes, bootleggers, pacifists, evolutionists, foreigners, and all persons it considered immoral".
By 1925 the Klan had 250,000 members, an estimated 30% of native-born white men. By 1925 over half the elected members of the Indiana General Assembly, the governor of Indiana, and many other high-ranking officials in local and state government were members of the Klan. Politicians had also learned they needed Klan endorsement to win office. That year, "Grand Dragon" D.C. Stephenson, who had begun to brag "I am the law in Indiana", was charged and convicted for the rape and murder of Madge Oberholtzer, a young schoolteacher. Denied pardon, in 1927 Stephenson gave the Indianapolis Times lists of people the Klan had paid. Partly as a result of compounded scandal, membership collapsed.
Throughout the 1930s, Democrats were in power and "the Klan was political poison". During those years, Indiana, like the rest of the nation, was affected by the Great Depression. The economic downturn had a wide-ranging negative impact on Indiana, such as the decline of urbanization. The Dust Bowl to the west led many migrants to flee to the more industrialized Midwest. Governor Paul V. McNutt's administration struggled to build a state-funded welfare system to help overwhelmed private charities. During his administration, spending and taxes were both cut drastically in response to the Depression, and the state government was completely reorganized. McNutt ended Prohibition in the state and enacted the state's first income tax. On several occasions, he declared martial law to put an end to worker strikes.
World War II helped lift Indiana's economy, as the war required steel, food and other goods the state produced. Roughly 10% of Indiana's population joined the armed forces, while hundreds of industries earned war production contracts and began making war material. Indiana manufactured 4.5% of total U.S. military armaments during World War II, ranking eighth among the 48 states. The expansion of industry to meet war demands helped end the Great Depression.
With the conclusion of World War II, Indiana rebounded to pre-Depression levels of production. Industry became the primary employer, a trend that continued into the 1960s. Urbanization during the 1950s and 1960s led to substantial growth in the state's cities. The auto, steel and pharmaceutical industries topped Indiana's major businesses. Indiana's population continued to grow after the war, exceeding five million by the 1970 census. In the 1960s the administration of Matthew E. Welsh adopted its first sales tax of 2%. Indiana schools were desegregated in 1949. In 1950, the Census Bureau reported Indiana's population as 95.5% white and 4.4% black. Governor Welsh also worked with the General Assembly to pass the Indiana Civil Rights Bill, granting equal protection to minorities in seeking employment.
On December 8, 1964, a Convair B-58 carrying nuclear weapons slid off an icy runway on Bunker Hill Air Force Base in Bunker Hill, Indiana and caught fire during a training drill. The five nuclear weapons on board were burned, including one 9-megaton thermonuclear weapon, causing radioactive contamination of the crash area.
Beginning in 1970, a series of amendments to the state constitution were proposed. With adoption, the Indiana Court of Appeals was created and the procedure of appointing justices on the courts was adjusted.
The 1973 oil crisis created a recession that hurt the automotive industry in Indiana. Companies such as Delco Electronics and Delphi began a long series of downsizing that contributed to high unemployment rates in manufacturing in Anderson, Muncie, and Kokomo. The restructuring and deindustrialization trend continued until the 1980s when the national and state economy began to diversify and recover.
With a total area (land and water) of 36,418 square miles (94,320 km), Indiana ranks as the 38th largest state in size. The state has a maximum dimension north to south of 250 miles (400 km) and a maximum east to west dimension of 145 miles (233 km). The state's geographic center (39° 53.7'N, 86° 16.0W) is in Marion County.
Located in the Midwestern United States, Indiana is one of eight states that make up the Great Lakes Region. Indiana is bordered on the north by Michigan, on the east by Ohio, and on the west by Illinois, partially separated by the Wabash River. Lake Michigan borders Indiana on the northwest and the Ohio River separates Indiana from Kentucky on the south.
The average altitude of Indiana is about 760 feet (230 m) above sea level. The highest point in the state is Hoosier Hill in Wayne County at 1,257 feet (383 m) above sea level. The lowest point at 320 feet (98 m) above sea level is in Posey County, where the Wabash River meets the Ohio River. The resulting elevation span, 937 feet (286 m), is the narrowest of any non-coastal U.S. state. Only 2,850 square miles (7,400 km2) have an altitude greater than 1,000 feet (300 m) and this area is enclosed within 14 counties. About 4,700 square miles (12,000 km) have an elevation of less than 500 feet (150 m), mostly concentrated along the Ohio and lower Wabash Valleys, from Tell City and Terre Haute to Evansville and Mount Vernon.
The state includes two natural regions of the United States: the Central Lowlands and the Interior Low Plateaus.
The till plains make up the northern and central regions of Indiana. Much of its appearance is a result of elements left behind by glaciers. Central Indiana is mainly flat with some low rolling hills (except where rivers cut deep valleys through the plain, like at the Wabash River and Sugar Creek) and soil composed of glacial sands, gravel and clay, which results in exceptional farmland. Northern Indiana is similar, except for the presence of higher and hillier terminal moraines and hundreds of kettle lakes. In northwest Indiana there are various sand ridges and dunes, some reaching nearly 200 feet in height; most of them are at Indiana Dunes National Park. These are along the Lake Michigan shoreline and also inland to the Kankakee Outwash Plain.
Southern Indiana is characterized by valleys and rugged, hilly terrain, contrasting with much of the state. Here, bedrock is exposed at the surface. Because of the prevalent Indiana limestone, the area has many caves, caverns, and quarries.
Major river systems in Indiana include the Whitewater, White, Blue, Wabash, St. Joseph, and Maumee rivers. According to the Indiana Department of Natural Resources, as of 2007, there were 65 rivers, streams, and creeks of environmental interest or scenic beauty, which included only a portion of an estimated 24,000 total river miles within the state.
The Wabash River, which is the longest free-flowing river east of the Mississippi River, is the official river of Indiana. At 475 miles (764 kilometers) in length, the river bisects the state from northeast to southwest, forming part of the state's border with Illinois, before converging with the Ohio River. The river has been the subject of several songs, such as On the Banks of the Wabash, The Wabash Cannonball and Back Home Again, In Indiana.
There are about 900 lakes listed by the Indiana Department of Natural Resources. To the northwest, Indiana borders Lake Michigan, one of five lakes comprising the Great Lakes, the largest group of freshwater lakes in the world. Tippecanoe Lake, the deepest lake in the state, reaches depths at nearly 120 feet (37 m), while Lake Wawasee is the largest natural lake in Indiana. At 10,750 acres (summer pool level), Lake Monroe is the largest lake in Indiana.
In the past, almost all of Indiana had a humid continental climate (Dfb), with cold winters and hot, wet summers; only the extreme southern portion of the state lay within the humid subtropical climate (Cfb), which receives more precipitation than other parts of Indiana. But as of the 2016 update, about half the state is now classified as humid subtropical. Temperatures generally diverge from the north and south sections of the state. In midwinter, average high/low temperatures range from around 30 °F/15 °F (−1 °C/−10 °C) in the far north to 41 °F/24 °F (5 °C/−4 °C) in the far south.
In midsummer there is generally a little less variation across the state, as average high/low temperatures range from around 84 °F/64 °F (29 °C/18 °C) in the far north to 90 °F/69 °F (32 °C/21 °C) in the far south. Indiana's record high temperature was 116 °F (47 °C) set on July 14, 1936, at Collegeville. The record low was −36 °F (−38 °C) on January 19, 1994 at New Whiteland. The growing season typically spans from 155 days in the north to 185 days in the south.
While droughts occasionally occur in the state, rainfall totals are distributed relatively equally throughout the year. Precipitation totals range from 35 inches (89 cm) near Lake Michigan in northwest Indiana to 45 inches (110 cm) along the Ohio River in the south, while the state's average is 40 inches (100 cm). Annual snowfall in Indiana varies widely across the state, ranging from 80 inches (200 cm) in the northwest along Lake Michigan to 14 inches (36 cm) in the far south. Lake effect snow accounts for roughly half the snowfall in northwest and north central Indiana due to the effects of the moisture and relative warmth of Lake Michigan upwind. The mean wind speed is 8 miles per hour (13 km/h).
In a 2012 report, Indiana was ranked eighth in a list of the top 20 tornado-prone states based on National Weather Service data from 1950 through 2011. A 2011 report ranked South Bend 15th among the top 20 tornado-prone U.S. cities, while another report from 2011 ranked Indianapolis eighth.Despite its vulnerability, Indiana is not part of Tornado Alley.
Indiana is one of 13 U.S. states that are divided into more than one time zone. Indiana's time zones have fluctuated over the past century. At present most of the state observes Eastern Time; six counties near Chicago and six near Evansville observe Central Time. Debate continues on the matter.
Before 2006, most of Indiana did not observe daylight saving time (DST). Some counties within this area, particularly Floyd, Clark, and Harrison counties near Louisville, Kentucky, and Ohio and Dearborn counties near Cincinnati, Ohio, unofficially observed DST by local custom. Since April 2006 the entire state observes DST.
Indiana recorded a population of 6,785,528 in the 2020 United States census, a 4.65% increase since the 2010 United States Census.
The state's population density was 181.0 persons per square mile, the 16th-highest in the United States. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, Indiana's population center is northwest of Sheridan, in Hamilton County (+40.149246, −086.259514).
In 2005, 77.7% of Indiana residents lived in metropolitan counties, 16.5% lived in micropolitan counties and 5.9% lived in non-core counties.
German is the largest ancestry reported in Indiana, with 22.7% of the population reporting that ancestry in the census. Persons citing American (12.0%) and English ancestry (8.9%) are also numerous, as are Irish (10.8%) and Polish (3.0%). Most of those citing American ancestry are actually of European descent, including many of English descent, but have family that has been in North America for so long, in many cases since the early colonial era, that they identify simply as American. In the 1980 census 1,776,144 people claimed German ancestry, 1,356,135 claimed English ancestry and 1,017,944 claimed Irish ancestry out of a total population of 4,241,975 making the state 42% German, 32% English and 24% Irish.
Population growth since 1990 has been concentrated in the counties surrounding Indianapolis, with four of the five fastest-growing counties in that area: Hamilton, Hendricks, Johnson, and Hancock. The other county is Dearborn County, which is near Cincinnati, Ohio. Hamilton County has also grown faster than any county in the states bordering Indiana (Illinois, Michigan, Ohio and Kentucky), and is the 20th-fastest growing county in the country.
With a population of 829,817, Indianapolis is the largest city in Indiana and the 12th-largest in the United States, according to the 2010 census. Three other cities in Indiana have a population greater than 100,000: Fort Wayne (253,617), Evansville (117,429) and South Bend (101,168). Since 2000, Fishers has seen the largest population rise amongst the state's twenty largest cities with an increase of 100%. Other cities that have seen extensive growth since 2000 are Greenwood (81%), Noblesville (39.4%), Carmel (21.4%), Columbus (12.8%) and Lawrence (9.3%).
Gary and Hammond have had the largest population declines regarding the 20 largest cities since 2000, with a decrease of 21.0% and 6.8% respectively. Evansville (−4.2%), Anderson (−4.0%) and Muncie (−3.9%) have also had declines.
Indianapolis has the largest population of the state's metropolitan areas and the 33rd-largest in the country. The Indianapolis metropolitan area encompasses Marion County and nine surrounding counties in central Indiana.
Note: Births in table don't add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number.
Based on population estimates for 2011, 6.6% of the state's population is under the age of five, 24.5% is under the age of 18, and 13.2% is 65 years of age or older. From the 2010 U.S. Census demographic data for Indiana, the median age is 37.
As of the 2010 census, Indiana's median household income was $44,616, ranking it 36th among the United States and the District of Columbia. In 2005, the median household income for Indiana residents was $43,993. Nearly 498,700 Indiana households had incomes between $50,000 and $75,000, accounting for 20% of all households.
Hamilton County's median household income is nearly $35,000 higher than the Indiana average. At $78,932, it ranks seventh in the country among counties with fewer than 250,000 people. The next highest median incomes in Indiana are also found in the Indianapolis suburbs; Hendricks County has a median of $57,538, followed by Johnson County at $56,251.
Although the largest single religious denomination in the state is Catholic (747,706 members), most Hoosiers are members of various Protestant denominations. The largest Protestant denomination by number of adherents in 2010 was the United Methodist Church, with 355,043. A study by the Graduate Center at the City University of New York found 20% are Catholic, 14% belong to Baptist churches, 10% are other Christians, 9% are Methodist, and 6% are Lutheran. The study found 16% are affiliated with no religion.
Indiana is home to the Benedictine St. Meinrad Archabbey, one of two Catholic archabbeys in the United States and 11 in the world. The Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod has one of its two seminaries in Fort Wayne. Two evangelical Methodist denominations, the Free Methodist Church and the Wesleyan Church, are headquartered in Indianapolis, as is the Christian Church.
The Fellowship of Grace Brethren Churches maintains offices and publishing work in Winona Lake. Huntington serves as the home to the Church of the United Brethren in Christ. Anderson is home to the headquarters of the Church of God. The headquarters of the Missionary Church is in Fort Wayne.
The Friends United Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends, the largest branch of American Quakerism, is based in Richmond, which also houses the oldest Quaker seminary in the United States, the Earlham School of Religion. The Islamic Society of North America is headquartered in Plainfield.
Plum, PAPaving Contractor in Plum, PA
Paving Company in Plum, PA
Residential Paving in Plum, PA
Driveway Paving in Plum, PA
Commercial Paving in Plum, PA
Parking Lot Paving in Plum, PA
Asphalt Paving in Plum, PA
Asphalt Maintenance in Plum, PA
Asphalt Patching in Plum, PA
Asphalt Sealing in Plum, PA
Asphalt Sealcoating in Plum, PA
Asphalt Chip Sealing in Plum, PA
Tar and Chip in Plum, PA
Modified Tar and Chip in Plum, PA
New Castle, PAPaving Contractor in New Castle, PA
Paving Company in New Castle, PA
Residential Paving in New Castle, PA
Driveway Paving in New Castle, PA
Commercial Paving in New Castle, PA
Parking Lot Paving in New Castle, PA
Asphalt Paving in New Castle, PA
Asphalt Maintenance in New Castle, PA
Asphalt Patching in New Castle, PA
Asphalt Sealing in New Castle, PA
Asphalt Sealcoating in New Castle, PA
Asphalt Chip Sealing in New Castle, PA
Tar and Chip in New Castle, PA
Modified Tar and Chip in New Castle, PA
Allison Park, PAPaving Contractor in Allison Park, PA
Paving Company in Allison Park, PA
Residential Paving in Allison Park, PA
Driveway Paving in Allison Park, PA
Commercial Paving in Allison Park, PA
Parking Lot Paving in Allison Park, PA
Asphalt Paving in Allison Park, PA
Asphalt Maintenance in Allison Park, PA
Asphalt Patching in Allison Park, PA
Asphalt Sealing in Allison Park, PA
Asphalt Sealcoating in Allison Park, PA
Asphalt Chip Sealing in Allison Park, PA
Tar and Chip in Allison Park, PA
Modified Tar and Chip in Allison Park, PA
West Mifflin, PAPaving Contractor in West Mifflin, PA
Paving Company in West Mifflin, PA
Residential Paving in West Mifflin, PA
Driveway Paving in West Mifflin, PA
Commercial Paving in West Mifflin, PA
Parking Lot Paving in West Mifflin, PA
Asphalt Paving in West Mifflin, PA
Asphalt Maintenance in West Mifflin, PA
Asphalt Patching in West Mifflin, PA
Asphalt Sealing in West Mifflin, PA
Asphalt Sealcoating in West Mifflin, PA
Asphalt Chip Sealing in West Mifflin, PA
Tar and Chip in West Mifflin, PA
Modified Tar and Chip in West Mifflin, PA
Johnstown, PAPaving Contractor in Johnstown, PA
Paving Company in Johnstown, PA
Residential Paving in Johnstown, PA
Driveway Paving in Johnstown, PA
Commercial Paving in Johnstown, PA
Parking Lot Paving in Johnstown, PA
Asphalt Paving in Johnstown, PA
Asphalt Maintenance in Johnstown, PA
Asphalt Patching in Johnstown, PA
Asphalt Sealing in Johnstown, PA
Asphalt Sealcoating in Johnstown, PA
Asphalt Chip Sealing in Johnstown, PA
Tar and Chip in Johnstown, PA
Modified Tar and Chip in Johnstown, PA
Mount Lebanon, PAPaving Contractor in Mount Lebanon, PA
Paving Company in Mount Lebanon, PA
Residential Paving in Mount Lebanon, PA
Driveway Paving in Mount Lebanon, PA
Commercial Paving in Mount Lebanon, PA
Parking Lot Paving in Mount Lebanon, PA
Asphalt Paving in Mount Lebanon, PA
Asphalt Maintenance in Mount Lebanon, PA
Asphalt Patching in Mount Lebanon, PA
Asphalt Sealing in Mount Lebanon, PA
Asphalt Sealcoating in Mount Lebanon, PA
Asphalt Chip Sealing in Mount Lebanon, PA
Tar and Chip in Mount Lebanon, PA
Modified Tar and Chip in Mount Lebanon, PA
Greensburg, PAPaving Contractor in Greensburg, PA
Paving Company in Greensburg, PA
Residential Paving in Greensburg, PA
Driveway Paving in Greensburg, PA
Commercial Paving in Greensburg, PA
Parking Lot Paving in Greensburg, PA
Asphalt Paving in Greensburg, PA
Asphalt Maintenance in Greensburg, PA
Asphalt Patching in Greensburg, PA
Asphalt Sealing in Greensburg, PA
Asphalt Sealcoating in Greensburg, PA
Asphalt Chip Sealing in Greensburg, PA
Tar and Chip in Greensburg, PA
Modified Tar and Chip in Greensburg, PA
Latrobe, PAPaving Contractor in Latrobe, PA
Paving Company in Latrobe, PA
Residential Paving in Latrobe, PA
Driveway Paving in Latrobe, PA
Commercial Paving in Latrobe, PA
Parking Lot Paving in Latrobe, PA
Asphalt Paving in Latrobe, PA
Asphalt Maintenance in Latrobe, PA
Asphalt Patching in Latrobe, PA
Asphalt Sealing in Latrobe, PA
Asphalt Sealcoating in Latrobe, PA
Asphalt Chip Sealing in Latrobe, PA
Tar and Chip in Latrobe, PA
Modified Tar and Chip in Latrobe, PA
Bethel Park, PAPaving Contractor in Bethel Park, PA
Paving Company in Bethel Park, PA
Residential Paving in Bethel Park, PA
Driveway Paving in Bethel Park, PA
Commercial Paving in Bethel Park, PA
Parking Lot Paving in Bethel Park, PA
Asphalt Paving in Bethel Park, PA
Asphalt Maintenance in Bethel Park, PA
Asphalt Patching in Bethel Park, PA
Asphalt Sealing in Bethel Park, PA
Asphalt Sealcoating in Bethel Park, PA
Asphalt Chip Sealing in Bethel Park, PA
Tar and Chip in Bethel Park, PA
Modified Tar and Chip in Bethel Park, PA
Monroeville, PAPaving Contractor in Monroeville, PA
Paving Company in Monroeville, PA
Residential Paving in Monroeville, PA
Driveway Paving in Monroeville, PA
Commercial Paving in Monroeville, PA
Parking Lot Paving in Monroeville, PA
Asphalt Paving in Monroeville, PA
Asphalt Maintenance in Monroeville, PA
Asphalt Patching in Monroeville, PA
Asphalt Sealing in Monroeville, PA
Asphalt Sealcoating in Monroeville, PA
Asphalt Chip Sealing in Monroeville, PA
Tar and Chip in Monroeville, PA
Modified Tar and Chip in Monroeville, PA
Murrysville, PAPaving Contractor in Murrysville, PA
Paving Company in Murrysville, PA
Residential Paving in Murrysville, PA
Driveway Paving in Murrysville, PA
Commercial Paving in Murrysville, PA
Parking Lot Paving in Murrysville, PA
Asphalt Paving in Murrysville, PA
Asphalt Maintenance in Murrysville, PA
Asphalt Patching in Murrysville, PA
Asphalt Sealing in Murrysville, PA
Asphalt Sealcoating in Murrysville, PA
Asphalt Chip Sealing in Murrysville, PA
Tar and Chip in Murrysville, PA
Modified Tar and Chip in Murrysville, PA
Jefferson Hills, PAPaving Contractor in Jefferson Hills, PA
Paving Company in Jefferson Hills, PA
Residential Paving in Jefferson Hills, PA
Driveway Paving in Jefferson Hills, PA
Commercial Paving in Jefferson Hills, PA
Parking Lot Paving in Jefferson Hills, PA
Asphalt Paving in Jefferson Hills, PA
Asphalt Maintenance in Jefferson Hills, PA
Asphalt Patching in Jefferson Hills, PA
Asphalt Sealing in Jefferson Hills, PA
Asphalt Sealcoating in Jefferson Hills, PA
Asphalt Chip Sealing in Jefferson Hills, PA
Tar and Chip in Jefferson Hills, PA
Modified Tar and Chip in Jefferson Hills, PA
Lower Burrell, PAPaving Contractor in Lower Burrell, PA
Paving Company in Lower Burrell, PA
Residential Paving in Lower Burrell, PA
Driveway Paving in Lower Burrell, PA
Commercial Paving in Lower Burrell, PA
Parking Lot Paving in Lower Burrell, PA
Asphalt Paving in Lower Burrell, PA
Asphalt Maintenance in Lower Burrell, PA
Asphalt Patching in Lower Burrell, PA
Asphalt Sealing in Lower Burrell, PA
Asphalt Sealcoating in Lower Burrell, PA
Asphalt Chip Sealing in Lower Burrell, PA
Tar and Chip in Lower Burrell, PA
Modified Tar and Chip in Lower Burrell, PA
Jeannette, PAPaving Contractor in Jeannette, PA
Paving Company in Jeannette, PA
Residential Paving in Jeannette, PA
Driveway Paving in Jeannette, PA
Commercial Paving in Jeannette, PA
Parking Lot Paving in Jeannette, PA
Asphalt Paving in Jeannette, PA
Asphalt Maintenance in Jeannette, PA
Asphalt Patching in Jeannette, PA
Asphalt Sealing in Jeannette, PA
Asphalt Sealcoating in Jeannette, PA
Asphalt Chip Sealing in Jeannette, PA
Tar and Chip in Jeannette, PA
Modified Tar and Chip in Jeannette, PA
Cranberry Township, PAPaving Contractor in Cranberry Township, PA
Paving Company in Cranberry Township, PA
Residential Paving in Cranberry Township, PA
Driveway Paving in Cranberry Township, PA
Commercial Paving in Cranberry Township, PA
Parking Lot Paving in Cranberry Township, PA
Asphalt Paving in Cranberry Township, PA
Asphalt Maintenance in Cranberry Township, PA
Asphalt Patching in Cranberry Township, PA
Asphalt Sealing in Cranberry Township, PA
Asphalt Sealcoating in Cranberry Township, PA
Asphalt Chip Sealing in Cranberry Township, PA
Tar and Chip in Cranberry Township, PA
Modified Tar and Chip in Cranberry Township, PA
Bridgeville, PAPaving Contractor in Bridgeville, PA
Paving Company in Bridgeville, PA
Residential Paving in Bridgeville, PA
Driveway Paving in Bridgeville, PA
Commercial Paving in Bridgeville, PA
Parking Lot Paving in Bridgeville, PA
Asphalt Paving in Bridgeville, PA
Asphalt Maintenance in Bridgeville, PA
Asphalt Patching in Bridgeville, PA
Asphalt Sealing in Bridgeville, PA
Asphalt Sealcoating in Bridgeville, PA
Asphalt Chip Sealing in Bridgeville, PA
Tar and Chip in Bridgeville, PA
Modified Tar and Chip in Bridgeville, PA
Canonsburg, PAPaving Contractor in Canonsburg, PA
Paving Company in Canonsburg, PA
Residential Paving in Canonsburg, PA
Driveway Paving in Canonsburg, PA
Commercial Paving in Canonsburg, PA
Parking Lot Paving in Canonsburg, PA
Asphalt Paving in Canonsburg, PA
Asphalt Maintenance in Canonsburg, PA
Asphalt Patching in Canonsburg, PA
Asphalt Sealing in Canonsburg, PA
Asphalt Sealcoating in Canonsburg, PA
Asphalt Chip Sealing in Canonsburg, PA
Tar and Chip in Canonsburg, PA
Modified Tar and Chip in Canonsburg, PA
Mt. Lebanon, PAPaving Contractor in Mt. Lebanon, PA
Paving Company in Mt. Lebanon, PA
Residential Paving in Mt. Lebanon, PA
Driveway Paving in Mt. Lebanon, PA
Commercial Paving in Mt. Lebanon, PA
Parking Lot Paving in Mt. Lebanon, PA
Asphalt Paving in Mt. Lebanon, PA
Asphalt Maintenance in Mt. Lebanon, PA
Asphalt Patching in Mt. Lebanon, PA
Asphalt Sealing in Mt. Lebanon, PA
Asphalt Sealcoating in Mt. Lebanon, PA
Asphalt Chip Sealing in Mt. Lebanon, PA
Tar and Chip in Mt. Lebanon, PA
Modified Tar and Chip in Mt. Lebanon, PA
Wexford, PAPaving Contractor in Wexford, PA
Paving Company in Wexford, PA
Residential Paving in Wexford, PA
Driveway Paving in Wexford, PA
Commercial Paving in Wexford, PA
Parking Lot Paving in Wexford, PA
Asphalt Paving in Wexford, PA
Asphalt Maintenance in Wexford, PA
Asphalt Patching in Wexford, PA
Asphalt Sealing in Wexford, PA
Asphalt Sealcoating in Wexford, PA
Asphalt Chip Sealing in Wexford, PA
Tar and Chip in Wexford, PA
Modified Tar and Chip in Wexford, PA
Indiana, PAPaving Contractor in Indiana, PA
Paving Company in Indiana, PA
Residential Paving in Indiana, PA
Driveway Paving in Indiana, PA
Commercial Paving in Indiana, PA
Parking Lot Paving in Indiana, PA
Asphalt Paving in Indiana, PA
Asphalt Maintenance in Indiana, PA
Asphalt Patching in Indiana, PA
Asphalt Sealing in Indiana, PA
Asphalt Sealcoating in Indiana, PA
Asphalt Chip Sealing in Indiana, PA
Tar and Chip in Indiana, PA
Modified Tar and Chip in Indiana, PA
Scottdale, PAPaving Contractor in Scottdale, PA
Paving Company in Scottdale, PA
Residential Paving in Scottdale, PA
Driveway Paving in Scottdale, PA
Commercial Paving in Scottdale, PA
Parking Lot Paving in Scottdale, PA
Asphalt Paving in Scottdale, PA
Asphalt Maintenance in Scottdale, PA
Asphalt Patching in Scottdale, PA
Asphalt Sealing in Scottdale, PA
Asphalt Sealcoating in Scottdale, PA
Asphalt Chip Sealing in Scottdale, PA
Tar and Chip in Scottdale, PA
Modified Tar and Chip in Scottdale, PA
Ligonier, PAPaving Contractor in Ligonier, PA
Paving Company in Ligonier, PA
Residential Paving in Ligonier, PA
Driveway Paving in Ligonier, PA
Commercial Paving in Ligonier, PA
Parking Lot Paving in Ligonier, PA
Asphalt Paving in Ligonier, PA
Asphalt Maintenance in Ligonier, PA
Asphalt Patching in Ligonier, PA
Asphalt Sealing in Ligonier, PA
Asphalt Sealcoating in Ligonier, PA
Asphalt Chip Sealing in Ligonier, PA
Tar and Chip in Ligonier, PA
Modified Tar and Chip in Ligonier, PA
Delmont, PAPaving Contractor in Delmont, PA
Paving Company in Delmont, PA
Residential Paving in Delmont, PA
Driveway Paving in Delmont, PA
Commercial Paving in Delmont, PA
Parking Lot Paving in Delmont, PA
Asphalt Paving in Delmont, PA
Asphalt Maintenance in Delmont, PA
Asphalt Patching in Delmont, PA
Asphalt Sealing in Delmont, PA
Asphalt Sealcoating in Delmont, PA
Asphalt Chip Sealing in Delmont, PA
Tar and Chip in Delmont, PA
Modified Tar and Chip in Delmont, PA
Irwin, PAPaving Contractor in Irwin, PA
Paving Company in Irwin, PA
Residential Paving in Irwin, PA
Driveway Paving in Irwin, PA
Commercial Paving in Irwin, PA
Parking Lot Paving in Irwin, PA
Asphalt Paving in Irwin, PA
Asphalt Maintenance in Irwin, PA
Asphalt Patching in Irwin, PA
Asphalt Sealing in Irwin, PA
Asphalt Sealcoating in Irwin, PA
Asphalt Chip Sealing in Irwin, PA
Tar and Chip in Irwin, PA
Modified Tar and Chip in Irwin, PA